第一名是美国海军陆战队,该部队在人数、武器配备等方面拥有优势。美国海军陆战队拥有万名现役队员和约万名预备役士兵。有人估计,这相当于排名第2名至第11名国家海军陆战队人数的总和。美国海军陆战队新兵在接受连续13周的训练后,将接受长达54个小时的战场演习测验。美国海军陆战队还装备了最新式的M27步枪。此外,它也是美军中士兵最年轻的部队,加入时队员一般需要在28岁以下。

The first is the U.S. Marine Corps, which has an advantage in numbers, weaponry and so on. The U.S. Marine Corps has 10,000 active-duty members and about 10,000 reservists. It has been estimated that this corresponds to the total number of marines ranked 2nd to 11th. U.S. Marine Corps recruits will undergo a 54-hour battlefield drill test after 13 weeks of training in a row. The U.S. Marines are also equipped with the latest M27 rifle. In addition, it is also the youngest U.S. soldier to join the ranks of the general need to be under the age of 28.

  第二名是俄罗斯海军步兵,它扮演着类似于美国海军陆战队的角色,尤其擅长登陆作战。俄海军步兵被部署到世界各地,并在叙利亚和乌克兰东部地区与相关方面作战,这使得俄海军步兵成为一支训练强度大、具备实战经验的高效作战部队。俄罗斯海军步兵第61旅被视作俄军中战斗力最强的部队。

The second is the Russian naval infantry, which plays a similar role to the United States Marine Corps, especially good at landing operations. The deployment of Russian naval infantry around the world and fighting in eastern Syria and Ukraine have made the Russian naval infantry an effective combat force with strong training and practical experience. The 61st Brigade of Russian Naval Infantry is regarded as the most effective force in the Russian army.

  排名第三的是英国。英国皇家海军陆战队只有约7000名士兵,以营为单位,每个营的作战任务都不同,包括寒冷季节作战、海岸攻击和突袭、海上作战等。英国皇家海军陆战队通常装配灵活度高的轻武器。该部队很快将进行重大重组,将设置更多小规模拥有特战能力的小型分支部队。

The third is Britain. The Royal Marines have only about 7,000 soldiers, in battalion units, and each battalion has different operational missions, including cold season operations, coastal attacks and raids, maritime operations, etc. The Royal Marines are usually fitted with flexible light weapons. The force will soon undergo a major restructuring, with more small-scale sub-units with special combat capabilities.

  排在第四位的是由美国训练的韩国海军陆战队,该部队士兵人数2018年达到万,主要任务是作为快速反应部队,为韩国在朝鲜半岛上的军事行动提供战略预备力量。2016年,韩国海军陆战队宣布组建一支3000人规模的快速反应部队。在爆发冲突的情况下,这支部队能够在24小时之内部署到朝鲜半岛的任何地点,执行最危险的任务。

In fourth place was the U.S.-trained South Korean Marine Corps, which reached 10,000 in 2018, with its main mission as a quick-reaction force to provide strategic reserve for South Korea's military operations on the Korean Peninsula. In 2016, South Korean Marines announced the formation of a 3,000-person rapid-reaction force. In situations of conflict, the force could be deployed to any location on the Korean peninsula within 24 hours to carry out the most dangerous tasks.

  排在第五位的是中国。报道称,在2017年之前,中国人民解放军海军陆战队约有1万人,之后增加到3万人。它仍是传统意义上的海军部队,在海军舰船和基地执行防御和作战任务。随着中国最近在吉布提建立了海外保障基地,中国海军陆战队的作用将会越来越大。在与俄罗斯进行的联合军事演习中,中国海军陆战队也已经亮相。(王晓雄)

China ranks fifth. Before 2017, the People's Liberation Army Marine Corps had about 10,000, the report said, before which it increased to 30,000. It remains a traditional naval force, performing defensive and operational missions on naval ships and bases. The role of Chinese marines will grow as China recently established an overseas base in Djibouti. The Chinese Marines have also made an appearance in joint military exercises with Russia. (Wang Xiaoxiong)


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